Is obtained from the fleece of sheep, goats, camels, rabbits (called Angora), llama (called Alpaca or Vicuna). The animals are shorn obtaining a coat of variable length between 2 and 90 mm. Wool is a particularly elastic yarn, hygroscopic and thermoregulatory thanks to its characteristic of retaining the air and to heat it.
If the sheared wool is called “virgin”, it is known the private brand “Woolmark ®”that guarantees its origin. If obtained by a second spinning of waste wool or untied wool, it is called regenerated and could not be called “virgin” wool but simply Wool.
The code for simple Wool is WO, and WV for Virgin Wool.
The wool is used for many different usages. To satisfy all the needs it is often spun joined to other fibers each of which can add its own characteristic to the final product. We can find wool combined with silk to add softness and freshness, or wool and cotton for an optimal use in spring and autumn, wool and cashmere for the best warmth at a more affordable cost, or wool and synthetic or artificial fibers, as the viscose, or nylon, for a handy and quality garment.
Very fine wool, made from the fleece of the sheep Merinos, grown mainly in Australia and New Zealand. The main feature of the Merinos wool is the fineness, which is much thinner than that of the common sheep, and can have a diameter of only 20 microns. It is woven in very think yarns that, thanks to their lightness, can be used even in wormer months.